In Europe or North America, if you dressed up as a Nazi there’d be outrage. In Asia, it could be just another day in class.
A recent event at a Taiwanese school, in which students held a mock Nazi parade, led to an international outcry and forced the resignation of the school’s principal as well as prompting a public apology from the school.
Students give the “Heil Hitler” salute and carry Nazi banners and insignia in photos posted to the internet, which also show a cardboard tank with German military markings.
According to local media, the December 23 parade was part of a cosplay event, a common activity where people dress up as characters from popular culture.
The Taiwan incident is not unique in Asia though — Thailand, South Korea and Indonesia are just some of the countries which have made headlines in recent years for similar controversies.
This is because some young Asians just don’t see Nazi uniforms the same way their Western peers do, says an expert.
The appeal of ‘Nazi chic’
Institute for Security and Development Policy Non-Resident Research Fellow Elliot Brennan told CNN for the majority of Asian countries Nazi Germany doesn’t have the same historical meaning as for Westerners.
“The outcry over the Nazi costumes in Taiwan, while obviously offensive to those educated on this terrible period in history, should remind us of the dangers of cultural relativism,” he said.
“For East Asian countries, World War II was not about the Nazis or Hitler but rather the Imperial Japanese forces. Comparatively little time is spent in Asian countries studying World War II Germany than in Europe or North America.”
Brennan said Nazi outfits and regalia often have a more punk or anti-establishment meaning in Asia, rather than a political or historical one.
“‘Nazi chic’, as it has become known, is an expression of subversion and its wearers in Asia are largely ignorant of its historical underpinnings,” he said.
Some students waved a Nazi flag and shouting ‘Sief Heil’ while a history teacher – dressed as Hitler and standing in a tank made with cardboard – saluted the ‘Nazi soldiers’.
Taiwanese political blogger Michael Turton told CNN in the 20 years he’d lived in the country he’d often seen locals putting Nazi paraphernalia on their vehicles or using it in advertisements.
“(But) it’s not like we don’t do that in our own culture — how many people have Che Guevara t-shirts or Mao Zedong hats?” he said.
Turton said he asked his students why it was okay to wear Hitler outfits but not Mao ones. “The kids explained to me Hitler failed. That’s why it’s okay,” he said.
That doesn’t mean it wasn’t offensive to anyone, however.
Israel’s representative in Taipei, Asher Yarden, said on the mission’s Facebook page that he found the parade photos “deplorable and shocking.”
“We strongly condemn this tasteless occurrence and call on the Taiwanese authorities, in all levels, to initiate educational programs which would introduce the meaning of the Holocaust and teach its history and universal meaning,” he said.
Both President Tsai Ing-wen’s office and the Minister for Education Pan Wen-chung condemned the school’s parade, saying they would cut subsidies for the school.